Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the July 2021 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 30, 2021.

Read More

Ad-hoc Sensor Networks Issues: Coverage, Protocol and Security

Aiman J. Albarakati Published in Wireless

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2015
© 2015 by CAE Journal

Aiman J Albarakati. Article: Ad-hoc Sensor Networks Issues: Coverage, Protocol and Security. Communications on Applied Electronics 2(2):28-33, June 2015. Published by Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Aiman J. Albarakati},
	title = {Article: Ad-hoc Sensor Networks Issues: Coverage, Protocol and Security},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {2},
	number = {2},
	pages = {28-33},
	month = {June},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA}


A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is an incessantly self-configuring, infrastructure-less network of mobile devices allied without wires. Ad hoc is Latin word and means "for this purpose". (WSN) Wireless Sensor networks have all the indispensable features of ad hoc networks but to unusual degrees e. g. much inferior mobility and much extra inflexible energy necessities. In this article we scrutinize the contemporary status of research and weigh up open problems or challenges in maturity of routing techniques in WSN's.


  1. "Das and Nasipuri ", ''On demand Multipath Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc Network'', (IC3N), 8th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks Boston, 1999
  2. "Kung and Karp ", '' Greedy peimeter stateless routing for wireless networks(GPSR)'', MOBICOM, August 2000.
  3. "Krishnamachari", ''Modeling Data-Centric Routing in Wireless sensor networks''
  4. "C. E. Jones et al. ",''A Survey of energy efficient network protocols for wireless networks''
  5. "Chalermek, Estrin and Govindan", ''Directed Diffusion: A scalable and robust communication paradigm for sensor networks'', ACM MOBICOMM, Boston, MA, 2000
  6. "Royer and Perkins", ''Ad hoc on demand distance vector routing'', 2nd IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computer System and Applications, February 1999.
  7. "Govindan, Estrin and Kumar, Heidemann", ''Next century challenges: Scalable co-ordination in sensor networks'', MOBICOM, 1999, Seattle.
  8. "Maltz and Johnson", ''Dynamic source routing in ad hoc wireless networks'', Mobile computing, Chapter 5, Luwer Academic Publishers, 1996.
  9. "Biagioni, Chee ,Bridges", ''PODS: A remote ecological Micro sensor network '', http://www. botany. hawaii. edu/pods/overview. htm
  10. " Bridges and Biagioni", ''The Application of Remote Sensor Technology to Assist the Recovery of Rare and Endangered Species'', International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Vol. 16, N. 3 (August 2002).
  11. "Aron. ", ''On the scalability of on-demand routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks: an analytical study''
  12. "Xu and Stojmenovic", ''Power-aware localized routing in wireless networks'', IEEE Int. Parallel and distributed processing symp. , Cancun, Mexico, May 1-5, 2000,
  13. "Corson and Macker ", ''Mobile ad-hoc networking and the IETF'', Mobile computing and communications review, 2, 1, 1998, 9-14.
  14. "Harms and Wu", ''On-demand multipath routing for mobile ad-hoc networks'', Computer science department, University of Alberta, AB, Canada.
  15. " Widmer and Mauve", ''A Survey on Position-Based Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks''.
  16. "Sholander, Perlman, Hass and Tabrizi", ''On the impact of Alternate Path Routing for load balancing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks'', IEEE/ACM MobiHoc 2000, Boston, 2000
  17. "Kongmunvattana and Nagar", ''Analysis of Routing Protocol Performance on Multi-Hop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks'', International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications (PDPTA'2001), Las Vegas, June 25-28, 2001
  18. " Robert D", ''Gradient Routing in Ad Hoc Networks''
  19. "Rosales-hain and Ramanathan ", ''Topology control of multi-hop wireless networks using transmit power adjustment'', IEEE INFOCOM 2000, pp. 404-413.
  20. "Chtamtac, Syrotiuk, Basagni and Woodward", ''A distance routing effect algorithm for mobility (DREAM)'', MOBICOM, 1998, 76-84.
  21. "Brown and Doshi", ''Minimum energy routing schemes for a wireless ad hoc network'', IEEE INFOCOM 2002.
  22. "Giordano and Stojmenovic et al. ",''Position based Routing: Algorithms for Ad Hoc Networks: ATaxonomy''
  23. "Singh, M. and Raghavendra", ''Power aware routing in mobile ad-hoc networks'', MOBICOM, 1998, pp. 181-190.
  24. "Ruduplu and Meng", ''Minimum energy mobile wireless networks'', IEEE JSAC, v. 17, n. 8, August 1999, pp. 13333-44.
  25. "Tseng, Liao and Sheu", ''GRID: A fully location-aware routing protocols for mobile ad-hoc networks'', IEEE HICSS, January 2000.
  26. "Heinzelman, Chandrakasan and Balakrishnan", "Energy efficient routing protocols for wireless microsensor networks'', HICSS, Hawaii, January 2000.
  27. "Heinzelman, Chandrakasan, Rabiner and Balakrishnan", ''Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks'', 33rd HICSS, 2000
  28. "Vaidhya and Ko", ''Location-aided routing (LAR) in mobile ad hoc networks'', MOBICOM, 1998, pp. 66-75.
  29. NIST, Advanced Networks Technologies Division, http://w3. antd. nist. gov/wahn_ssn. shtml
  30. Anderson, J. P. Computer Security Technology Planning Study, ESD-TR-73-51, vol. I, ESD/AFSC, Hanscom AFB, Bedford, Mass.
  31. Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria, DoD 5200. 28.
  32. Anderson, R. J. , Kuhn, M. : Tamper Resistance - a Cautionary Note, in The Second USENIX Workshop on Electronic Commerce Proceedings, Oakland, California,
  33. Wensheng Zhang, G Cao and Tom La Porta,"Data Dissemination with Ring Based Index for Wireless Sensor Networks", IEEE Transactions on mobile computing, Vol 6, No 7, July 2007.
  34. Ryo Sugihara and Rajesh K. Gupta,"Programming Models for SensorNetworks: A Survey", ACM Transactions on sensor networks 2006.
  35. Ajit Warrier et. al, "Mitigating Starvation in Wireless Sensor Networks", Military Communications Conference, 2006, MILCOm 2006, pp 1-5.
  36. S. Duan and Xiaobu Yuan,"Exploring Hierarchy Architecture for Wireless Sensor Network Management", IEEE 2006.
  37. V. Raghunathan, C. Schurgers, S. Park, M. B. Srivastava, Energyaware wireless microsensor networks, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 19 (2002) 40–50.


WSN’s, MANETs, Routing issues