Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the July 2021 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 30, 2021.

Read More

Information Systems: The Prospects of Bi-directional Counter System in the Hotel Industry

Edje E. Abel, Ureigho Roy Joel. Published in Information Sciences.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2015
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Edje E. Abel, Ureigho Roy Joel

Edje E Abel and Ureigho Roy Joel. Article: Information Systems: The Prospects of Bi-directional Counter System in the Hotel Industry. Communications on Applied Electronics 2(9):36-41, September 2015. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Edje E. Abel and Ureigho Roy Joel},
	title = {Article: Information Systems: The Prospects of Bi-directional Counter System in the Hotel Industry},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {2},
	number = {9},
	pages = {36-41},
	month = {September},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}


This paper discusses the application of information systems and throws more light on the prospects of bi-directional counter system in the hotel industries. Terrorists group around the globe often attack social areas and public buildings such as the hotel. The after mouth of any terrorist attack always results to human deaths and injuries, which cannot be accounted for by most hotel managements. In most cases, the total number of human casualties is often estimated by trial and error, it is even difficult to identify these casualties. No proper system is being put in place to checkmate this issue, as some of these hotels rely heavily on CCTV camera(s) which is not always effective. Bidirectional counter system is proposed that would complement CCTV cameras in resolving this prevalent problem. Bi-directional counter system is a device that keeps records of number of times an event occurred. Therefore, bi-directional counter system model was formulated and compare it to other existing ones and end with a conclusion.


  1. A.Sahu (2011). “Counter and Registers”,, [Access Date: 10-08-2015].
  2. Akshay Mathur and Singh Nagla (2007). “Microcontroller-based bidirectional Visitor counter”, [06-08-02015]
  3. Albert Kwansah Ansah and Victoria S. Blankson (2012). “The use of Information and Technologies (ICT) in Front Office Operations of Chain Hotels in Ghana”, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Volume No. 3, Issue No. 3, [Accessed Date: 06-08-2015].
  4. Anthony Bond (2015). “Tunisia hotel attack: Shocking pictures show bodies lying on beach as eyewitnesses tell of terror” Mirror Newspaper, Published: 26 June 2015,, [Accessed Date: 10-08-2015].
  5. Azdel Abdul Aziz, Mohd Faeez Saiful Bakhtiar, Mohd Syaquif Yasin Kamaruddin and Noor Azmi Ahmad (2012). “INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION’S USAGE IN HOTEL INDUSTRY”, Journal of Tourism, Hospitality & Culinary Arts, VolumeNo.4,Issue 2, Page 34-38, [Access Date: 03-08-2015].
  6. BBC (2008). “Mumbai rocked by deadly attacks”,, Published: 28th of November 2008, [Accessed Date: 09-08-2015].
  7. Boris Milovic (2012). “Social Media and eCRM as a prerequisite for Hotel Success”, Journal of Information Systems, Volume No. 7, Issue No. 3, Page 026-031, [Accessed Date: 06-08-2015]
  8. D. V. Tesone (2006). “Hospitality Information Systems and E-commerce”, second Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, U.S.A.
  9. DAE (2010). “Counters”, [Accessed Date: 11-08-2015].
  10. Daniela Garbin PraniČević1, Nikša Alfirević,, and Mojca Indihar Štemb erger (2011). “INFORMATION SYSTEM MATURITYAND THE HOSPITALITY ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE”, ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS REVIEW, VOL No. 13, Issue No. 4,Page 227–249
  11. Dean A. Koutroumanis (2011). “Technology’s Effect on Hotels and Restaurants: Building a Strategic Competitive Advantage”, Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume No.12, Issue No.01, [06-08-2015].
  12. Ehab Abdul-Razzaq Al-Hialy (2009). “Synchronous Counters”,, [Accessed Date: 13-08-2015].
  13. Eric Yu (2004). “ Information Systems (in the Internet Age)” [Accessed Date: 07-08-2015]
  14. Gunther Gridling and Bettina Weiss (2007). “Introduction to Microcontrollers”,, [Accessed Date: 28-08-2015].
  15. Hansen H. B. and Kautz K., (2005). Grounded Theory Applied-Studying information Systems Development Methodologies in Practice, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, page 1-10
  16. HBeonLabs (2011). “Introduction: Automatic bidirectional visitor counter for controlling room light using 8051 Microcontrller (AT89S52)”, [Accessed Date: 06-08-2015]
  17. HD Clifton, DC Ince and AG Sutcliffe (2000). “Business Information Systems”, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education Limited, Pearson, Upper Saddle River, New Jessey, U.S.A.
  18. Himanshu Choudhary (2012). “Automatic bidirectional visitor counter using 8051 microcontroller (AT89C51)”,, [Accessed Date: 12-08-2015].
  19. Kenneth C. Laudon and Jane P. Laudon (2009). “Essentials of Management Information Systems”, Eight Edition, Pearson Education Inc, Upper Saddle River, New Jessey, U.S.A.
  20. Maxwell (2001). “Shift Register”,, [ Accessed Date: 10-08-2015].
  21. Mheducation (2002). “Flip-Flops, Registers, Counters, and a Simple Processor”,, [Accessed Date: 09-08-2015]
  22. Micronics Technologies (2015). “ Digital Visitor Counter”,, [Accesssed Date: 27-08-2015].
  23. Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi (2008). “Micorcontroller and Embedded” Systems”,, [Accessed Date: 11-08-2015].
  24. Paula Serdeira Azevedo, Carlos Azevedo and Mario Romao (2014). “Application Integration: Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems in the hospitality industry-A case study in Portugal”, Conference on Enterprise Information Systems / ProjMAN and International Conference on Health and Social Care Information Systems and Technologies, Issue No. 16, Page 52-58,, [Accessed Date:06-08-2015]
  25. Peter D. Nyheim, Francis M. McFadden and Daniel J. Connoly (2005). “Technology Strategies for the Hospitality Industry”, First Edition, Pearson Education Inc, Upper Saddle River, New Jessey, U.S.A.
  26. R. Kelly Rainer Jr. and Casey G. Cegielski (2011). “Introduction to Information Systems supporting and transforming Business”, Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, U.S.A.
  27. S. Rajasekar, P. Philominathan and V. Chinnathmbi (2013). “Resaerch Methodology”,, [Accessed Date: 18-08-2015].
  28. Satish Chander (2010). “Project Report on Bidirectional Visitor Counter”,, [Accessed Date: 12-08-2015].
  29. Srinivas Nowduri (2000). “Management information systems and business decision making: review, analysis, and recommendations”, Journal of Management and Marketing Research, [Accessed Date: 07-08-2015].
  30. Steven Alter (2008). “Defining Information Systems as Work Systems: Implications for the IS field”, Business Analytic and Information Systems, [Accessed Date: 08-08-2015]
  31. TechnologyinHospitality Industry: A CaseStudy from Mures County”, [Accessed Date: 06-08-2015]
  32. Uotechnology (2000). “Digital Electronics”,, [Accessed Date: 10-08-2015].
  33. Vickie R. Westmark (2004). “Definition for Information System Survivability”, Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, [Accessed Date: 07-08-2015]
  34. Yi Wen Fan and Edward C. S. Ku (2007). “The Impact of Customer Service through Information Systems for Lodging Industry”, [Accessed Date: 06-08-2015].
  35. Yongsheng Gao (2006). “Asynchronous Counters, Synchronous Counters, Design of Synchronous Counters, Shift Registers, Johnson & ring counters, Applications etc”, [Accessed Date:12-08-2015]


Centralised Reservation System (CSR), Point-Of-Sale (POS), Digital Electronic Counter System (DECS), Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and Bi-directional counter system (BCS)