Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the July 2021 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 30, 2021.

Read More

Two Wire Pressure Transmitter using Bourdon Tube Pressure Sensor and LVDT - An Advance Pressure Transmitter

Subhashis Maitra. Published in Signal Processing.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2015
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Subhashis Maitra

Subhashis Maitra. Article: Two Wire Pressure Transmitter using Bourdon Tube Pressure Sensor and LVDT - An Advance Pressure Transmitter. Communications on Applied Electronics 3(6):39-44, December 2015. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Subhashis Maitra},
	title = {Article: Two Wire Pressure Transmitter using Bourdon Tube Pressure Sensor and LVDT - An Advance Pressure Transmitter},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {3},
	number = {6},
	pages = {39-44},
	month = {December},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}


Bourdon Tube pressure Gauge is a mechanical type pressure transducer. Its display unit is a pointer attached with itself with a rack and pinion arrangement mounted at a spindle. Hence this cannot be used for remote measurement. Hence in order to measure the pressure sitting at the control station, a special measuring technique is to be adopted. The proposed technique, discussed in this paper, uses Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT) and a two – wire transmitter and this can be used for reading the pressure of a process remotely. A ferromagnetic plunger type core is attached with the tip of the Bourdon Tube. The core here acts as a secondary sensing element which moves in an electromagnetic field generated by an excitation voltage in the primary of an LVDT. The movement of the ferromagnetic core with the movement of the tip of the Bourdon Tube generates an induced voltage in the secondary of the LVDT. The output of the LVDT is connected with a two-wire pressure transmitter to produce 4 – 20 milliampear corresponding to the pressure variation. The measurement of the current gives the pressure of the process with a good linearity and repeatability. The necessary theoretical equations along with the experimental results have been reported here clearly.


  1. D. Patranabis, Principles of Industrial Instrumentation (Second Edition), 2000, Tata McGraw-Hill Publication.
  2. H. E. Elgamel, “Closed-form expressions for the relationships between stress, diaphragm deflection, and resistance change with pressure in silicon piezoresistive pressure sensors”, Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 50, nos. 1-2, pp. 17 -22, 1995.
  3. K. Balasubramanian and A. Cellatoglu, “An inductive pickup for pneumatic pressure transducer developed over thin metallic spherical diaphragm”, in Proc. Int. Conf. Math. Comput. Sci., 2008, pp. 19 – 26.
  4. A. Cellatoglu and K. Balasubramanian, ``LVDT pickup for improved sensitivity in diaphragm based high-pressure measuring mechatronic device,'' in Proc. Int. Conf. Converg. Sci., Eng. Educ. Res., a Global Perspect. New Millennium, Bangalore, India, Apr. 2010, pp. IT_1-IT_5.
  5. A. Cellatoglu and K. Balasubramanian, “Dual capsule installed pneumatic pressure cell and pressure transmitter”, in Proc., IEEE Symposium on Business, Engineering and Industrial Applications, 2011, pp(s). 475 – 480.
  6. A. Cellatoglu and K. Balasubramanian, "Differential pressure transmitter with capacitive pickup installation", Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering and Computer Systems, Lefke, North Cyprus, Nov 2010, pp 11-15. 
  7. H. Norton, “Transducer fundamentals,” in Handbook of Transducers, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989, ch. 2.
  8. R. Vrba, M. Sveda and K. Marecek, “Pressure transducer with multiplexed frequency transmitter”,  Proc. Sensors Ind. Conf.—SIcon, pp.7 -10, 2004.
  9. B. D. Pereles , R. Shao , E. L. Tan and K. G. Ong, “A remote query pressure sensor based on magnetic higher order harmonic fields”,  IEEE Sensors J.,  vol. 8,  no. 11,  pp.1824 -1829, 2008.
  10. S. C. Bera, N. Mandal and R. Sarkar, “Study of a pressure transmitter using an improved inductance bridge network and bourdon tube as transducer”, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 60, no. 4, pp.1453 -1460, 2011
  11. W. H. Ko, H. J., and B. S. F., “Development of a miniature pressure transducer for biomedical applications”, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-26, pp.1896 -1905, 1979.
  12. E. O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems Application and Design, 1990, McGraw-Hill Publication.


Bourdon Tube, Ferromagnetic plunger type core, Primary coil, LVDT, Secondary coil, Secondary Transducer, Two – wire Transmitter.