Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the May 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is April 30, 2023.

Read More

Smart Energy meter using Power Factor Meter and Instrument Transformer

Subhashis Maitra. Published in Power Electronics.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2016
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Subhashis Maitra

Subhashis Maitra. Article: Smart Energy meter using Power Factor Meter and Instrument Transformer. Communications on Applied Electronics 4(1):31-37, January 2016. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Subhashis Maitra},
	title = {Article: Smart Energy meter using Power Factor Meter and Instrument Transformer},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	year = {2016},
	volume = {4},
	number = {1},
	pages = {31-37},
	month = {January},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}


Electric Supply office sends the consumption bill for the previous month depending on the consumption as indicated by the conventional electric meter placed in a domestic premises or business place. The consumer then going to the electricity office, stands in front of a long queue to pay the bill. This process is very much cumbersome and hazardous and also very cost effective both for the suppliers and the users. Advance researches on energy meter develop many new and cost efficient technologies to construct energy meter that help at the same time to improve the billing system as well as the payment system. In this paper, a new concept on energy meter has been explained using power factor meter and instrument transformer using embedded technology. The proposed energy meter is smart enough also for billing and payment system. This meter can automatically disconnect the power line with the meter circuit in the absence of any person in the room or in the office and thus is helpful in power saving. The proposed meter uses a pre-paid smart card. For the first time use, the consumer has to pay an amount according to the maximum demand and the smart card will be recharged accordingly. Then when the recharge value will be equal to the stop value, a warning is to be provided by the smart meter and the card is to be recharged again. The card may be recharged through net-banking, Davit/Credit card like all other rechargeable card.


  1. Sawhney, A. K., “A Course in Electrical and Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation”, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, eleventh edition, 1995.
  2. Raman, B., “Overview of Single Phase Induction Type Energy Meter”, Technical Articles, Electrical Engineering Portal(EEP), September, 2012..
  3. Ashna, K., “GSM based automatic energy meter reading system with instant billing”, IEEE International Multi- Conference on Automation, Computing, Communication, Control and Compressed Sensing (iMac4s), 2013, pp(s). 65 – 72, 22 – 23 March, 2013.
  4. Sehgal, V. K..; Panda, N.; Handa, N. R.; Naval, S. and Goel, V., “Electronic Energy Meter with Instant Billing”, Fourth IEEE ULSim European Symposium on Computer Modeling and Simulation (EMS 2010), pp(s). 27 – 31, 17 – 19 November, 2010.
  5. Arif, A.; Al-Hussain, M.; Al-Multairi, N.; Al-Ammar, E.; Khan, Y. and Malik, N., “Experimental study and design of smart energy meter for the smart grid”, IEEE sponsored International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC2013), pp(s). 515 -520, 7 – 9 March, 2013.
  6. Prudhvi, P.; Bhalodi, D.; Manohar, M.; Padidela, V. and Adapa, S., “A Smart energy Meter Architecture in Indian context”, IEEE 2nd Iranian Conference on Smart Grids (ICSG2012), pp(s). 1 – 6, 24 – 25 May, 2012.
  7. Xiao, P.; Venayagamoorthy, G.K. and Corzine, K.A., “Seven-Level Shunt Active Power Filter for High-Power Drive Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 24, issue 1, pp(s). 6 -13, January, 2009.
  8. Mori, H.; Matsui, K.; Kondo, K.; Yamamoto, I. and Hasegawa, M.  "Parallel-connected five-level PWM inverters", IEEE Trans. Power Electron.,  vol. 18,  no. 1,  pp.173 -179, 2003.
  9. Kadu Rahul, N.; Shaikh, S.A.; Turakne, S.S.; Taware, S.S. and Aher V.A., “An embedded electric meter based on ARM9 and zigbee technology”, International Journal of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering (IJCTEE), vol. 2, issue 2, pp(s). 121 -124, June, 2012.
  10. Male, S.; Vethekar, P.; More, K. and Bhusari, V.K., “A Smart Wireless Electronic Energy Meter Reading Using Embedded Technology”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 4, issue 1(version 3), pp(s). 145 – 147, January, 2014.
  11. Moni Silviya, E.; Meena Vinodhini, K. and Salai Thillai Thilagam, J., “GSM Based Automatic Energy Meter System with Instant Billing”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, vol. 3, special issue 3, pp(s). 44 – 49, April, 2014.
  12. Shrivastava, R. and Mishra, N.K., “AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS PREPAID BILLING OF DIGITAL ENERGY METER”, International Journal of Advances in Electronics Engineering, vol. 1, issue 1, pp(s). 322 – 324.
  13. Ellenki, S. K.; Srikanth Reddy, G. and Srikanth, Ch., “An Advanced Smart Energy Metering System for Developing Countries”, International Journal Of Scientific Research and Education, vol. 2, issue 1, pp(s). 242 – 258, 2014.
  14. Sarwade Narasing, J.; Dehadray Bhushan, M.; Khedkar Sachin, T. and Turkane, S.S., “An Intelligent Energy Metering Using Zigbee and ARM 7”, IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSR – JECE), vol. 9, issue 3, version 1, pp(s). 1 – 4, May – June, 2014.
  15. Maitra, S., “Embedded Energy Meter- A New Concept To Measure The Energy Consumed By A Consumer And To Pay The Bill” Proceeding of Joint International Conference on Power system Technology and IEEE Power India Conference 2008 pp: 1-8.
  16. Ganurkar, S. and Gour, P., “Prepaid Energy Meter for Billing System Using Microcontroller and Recharge Card”, International Journal Of Core Engineering and Management (IJCEM), vol. 1, issue 1, pp(s). 12-18, April, 2014.
  17. Mir, S.; Rufer., L. and Courtois, B., “On-chip testing of embedded transducers” , pp(s). 463- 472.
  18. Theocharides, T.; Link, G.; Vijaykrishnan, N.; Irwin, M.J. and Wolf, W., “Embedded hardware face detection” , Proceedings 17th International Conference on VLSI Design, 2004, pp(s). 133- 138.


ARM Processor, Instrument Transformer, LVDT, Power Factor Meter, Recharged value, Smart card, Stop value, Thermocouple Type Instrument.