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Reseach Article

A Review of Techniques for Foetal Electrocardiogram Extraction

by Nishant Aggarwal, Butta Singh
Communications on Applied Electronics
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 4 - Number 9
Year of Publication: 2016
Authors: Nishant Aggarwal, Butta Singh

Nishant Aggarwal, Butta Singh . A Review of Techniques for Foetal Electrocardiogram Extraction. Communications on Applied Electronics. 4, 9 ( April 2016), 41-47. DOI=10.5120/cae2016652175

@article{ 10.5120/cae2016652175,
author = { Nishant Aggarwal, Butta Singh },
title = { A Review of Techniques for Foetal Electrocardiogram Extraction },
journal = { Communications on Applied Electronics },
issue_date = { April 2016 },
volume = { 4 },
number = { 9 },
month = { April },
year = { 2016 },
issn = { 2394-4714 },
pages = { 41-47 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/cae2016652175 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2023-09-04T19:53:54.864865+05:30
%A Nishant Aggarwal
%A Butta Singh
%T A Review of Techniques for Foetal Electrocardiogram Extraction
%J Communications on Applied Electronics
%@ 2394-4714
%V 4
%N 9
%P 41-47
%D 2016
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Electrocardiogram (ECG) holds high significance in medical diagnostics. Cardiologists consider it as an enduring tool and thus the improvement of the diagnostic quality the signal for various recognitions in different environments become a challenge. The signal acquisition is susceptible to the interference from physiological as well as environmental sources. Foetal ECG provides vital information to the physicist to assist in taking critical decisions especially during labor time. Since the direct contact over foetus is perilous to its health, foetal ECG acquisition becomes a challenging task. There is a time as well as frequency overlap of the stronger maternal ECG over the weak foetal ECG. Thus windowing and simple filtering does not extract these signals. This has encouraged various researchers to dwell deep into innovating such filtering techniques to make the acquired signal qualify for discrete diagnostics. This work focuses on the various algorithms proposed for the foetal extraction in terms of their capabilities and performances.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Adaptive algorithm ECG foetal non-adaptive algorithm non-invasive