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Steganography Literature Survey, Classification and Comparative Study

Ayman El-Sayed, Gamal Attiya, Alaa Fkirin. Published in Image Processing.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2016
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Alaa Fkirin, Gamal Attiya, Ayman El-Sayed

Alaa Fkirin, Gamal Attiya and Ayman El-Sayed. Steganography Literature Survey, Classification and Comparative Study. Communications on Applied Electronics 5(10):13-22, September 2016. BibTeX

	author = {Alaa Fkirin and Gamal Attiya and Ayman El-Sayed},
	title = {Steganography Literature Survey, Classification and Comparative Study},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	issue_date = {September 2016},
	volume = {5},
	number = {10},
	month = {Sep},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {2394-4714},
	pages = {13-22},
	numpages = {10},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/cae2016652384},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Transmitting confidential images between two channels suffer from hacking. Therefore, protecting confidentiality has become a very essential issue. Recently, several methods are developed to protect important information. The main idea is based on embedding important information in multimedia carrier such as: text, image, audio, and video. The developed methods may be classified as steganography and watermarking. Steganography aims to embed huge amount of secret data in multimedia carrier while watermarking aims to hid small amount of secret data in multimedia carrier. This paper first presents a literature survey of information hiding, then classifies the proposed methods, and finally introduces a comparative study between the different methods.


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Information Hiding, Steganography, Encryption, Stego, Cover, grafia