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Energy Efficient and Improved Network Lifetime Multipath Routing using FF-AOMDV and Dragonfly Topology

Shanti Jaiswal, Navneet Kaur. Published in Networks.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2018
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Shanti Jaiswal, Navneet Kaur

Shanti Jaiswal and Navneet Kaur. Energy Efficient and Improved Network Lifetime Multipath Routing using FF-AOMDV and Dragonfly Topology. Communications on Applied Electronics 7(15):7-14, April 2018. BibTeX

	author = {Shanti Jaiswal and Navneet Kaur},
	title = {Energy Efficient and Improved Network Lifetime Multipath Routing using FF-AOMDV and Dragonfly Topology},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	issue_date = {April 2018},
	volume = {7},
	number = {15},
	month = {Apr},
	year = {2018},
	issn = {2394-4714},
	pages = {7-14},
	numpages = {8},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/cae2018652762},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


In Mobile Ad-hoc networks (MANETs), due to restricted power energy offering and frequent topology changes caused by node mobility, routing becomes a difficult problem. The research performed till date highlights this very specific drawback of energy consumption in MANETs and by applying the protocol named Ad-hoc on Demand Multipath Distance Vector with the Fitness function (FF-AOMDV) and Dragonfly topology we had minimized it. The fitness function is used to find the best path from the supply to the destination to reduce the energy consumption in multipath routing by using Dragonfly topology. The performance of the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol with dragonfly topology was evaluated using Network simulator Version 2 (NS-2), where the performance was compared with AOMDV and Ad-hoc on Demand Multipath Routing with Life Maximization (AOMR-LM) protocols, the two most popular protocols of this area. The comparison was done to evaluate performance metrics such as energy consumption, throughput, packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delay, network lifetime and routing overhead ratio by varying the node speed, packet size and simulation time. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol with Dragonfly topology outperformed AOMDV and AOMR-LM under majority of the network performance metrics and parameters.


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Energy efficient protocol, Mobile Ad-hoc network, multipath routing, fitness function, and Dragonfly topology