Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the July 2021 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 30, 2021.

Read More

Vertical Handoff Situation Awareness by Avalanche Effect

G. U. Mali, D. K. Gautam. Published in Wireless.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2017
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: G. U. Mali, D. K. Gautam

G U Mali and D K Gautam. Vertical Handoff Situation Awareness by Avalanche Effect. Communications on Applied Electronics 7(9):10-13, November 2017. BibTeX

	author = {G. U. Mali and D. K. Gautam},
	title = {Vertical Handoff Situation Awareness by Avalanche Effect},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	issue_date = {November 2017},
	volume = {7},
	number = {9},
	month = {Nov},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {2394-4714},
	pages = {10-13},
	numpages = {4},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/cae2017652710},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Most of the time mobile nodes in wireless networks are loosely coupled with the network availability. And due to this on switching of network devices mobile nodes often lose the complete network thereby data dropping occurred which results in vulnerability. This is quite oftenly a big problem on performance of routing protocols. Vertical handoff technique is boon to this as it provides stability of the network even on losing of the availability of the established network by instant switching to other stable networks. There are many ways of handling vertical handoff decisions based on one or another reasons. Proposed paper put forwards an idea of vertical handoff situation awareness by comparing the hash keys at the pool manager of a wireless network pool with another network pool based on the defined protocols like routing path.


  1. Kaur, Amandeep, and Sukhwinder Singh Sran. "Detection of packet-dropping attack in recoverable concealed data aggregation protocol for homogeneous wireless sensor networks." Advanced Computing & Communication Technologies (ACCT), 2015 Fifth International Conference on. IEEE, 2015.
  2. Sun, Hung-Min, et al. "Reliable data transmission against packet dropping misbehavior in wireless ad hoc networks." (2011): 419-424.
  3. Nissar, Nabil, Najib Naja, and Abdellah Jamali. "Lightweight authentication-based scheme for AODV in ad-hoc networks." Wireless Technologies, Embedded and Intelligent Systems (WITS), 2017 International Conference on. IEEE, 2017.
  4. Mou, Mehek-Moutushy Rahman, and Mostafa Zaman Chowdhury. "Service aware fuzzy logic based handover decision in heterogeneous wireless networks." Electrical, Computer and Communication Engineering (ECCE), International Conference on. IEEE, 2017.
  5. Newton, P. Calduwel, and R. Nismon Rio. "REHDIS: Refined Hamming Distance technique to minimize data transfer delay in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks." Intelligent Systems and Control (ISCO), 2017 11th International Conference on. IEEE, 2017.
  6. Bhakthavatsalam, P. K., and B. Malarkodi. "Securing provenance by avoiding packet drop attack due to congestion in wireless sensor network." Inventive Computation Technologies (ICICT), International Conference on. Vol. 2. IEEE, 2016.
  7. Ghormade, Priti B., and Jagruti J. Shah. "Approach to perform horizontal and vertical handoff in wireless network." Computer Engineering and Applications (ICACEA), 2015 International Conference on Advances in. IEEE, 2015.
  8. Agrawal, Ankur, Amutha Jeyakumar, and Neha Pareek. "Comparison between vertical handoff algorithms for heterogeneous wireless networks." Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP), 2016 International Conference on. IEEE, 2016.
  9. Sasi, Shailaja, et al. "A hybrid vertical handoff decision algorithm for seamless mobility in heterogeneous wireless networks." Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking (WiSPNET), International Conference on. IEEE, 2016.
  10. Alotaibi, Nasser M., and Sami S. Alwakeel. "A multi-classifiers-based approach for vertical handoff process in wireless heterogeneous networks: Retrospective and prospective." Information Technology: Towards New Smart World (NSITNSW), 2015 5th National Symposium on. IEEE, 2015.
  11. G. U. Mali and D. K. Gautam ," A Model Application of Two Phase Commit Protocol in Wireless DTN " ,International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) ,Volume 162 – No 5, March 2017.
  12. Mrunali Pramod Kulkarni, Veerbhadra S.Bale , " Vertical Handoff Decision Algorithm to Reduce Unnecessary Handoff for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks" ,(IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 6 (6) , 2015, 5033-5036, 2015.


Avalanche Effect, Hashing, Vertical Handoff, Wireless network pool.