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Detection and Quantification of the Presence of Lead using Screen Printed Electrode Screen Printed Electrodes

Minija Mohandas, Thiruselvam S., Vignesh D., Kalpana R. Published in Power Electronics

CAE Proceedings on International Conference on Computing, Communication and Sensor Network
Year of Publication: 2016
© 2015 by CAE Journal

Minija Mohandas, Thiruselvam S., Vignesh D. and Kalpana R.. Article: Detection and Quantification of the Presence of Lead using Screen Printed Electrode Screen Printed Electrodes. CAE Proceedings on International Conference on Computing, Communication and Sensor Network CCSN 2015(1):5-8, March 2016. Published by Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Minija Mohandas and Thiruselvam S. and Vignesh D. and Kalpana R.},
	title = {Article: Detection and Quantification of the Presence of Lead using Screen Printed Electrode Screen Printed Electrodes},
	journal = {CAE Proceedings on International Conference on Computing, Communication and Sensor Network},
	year = {2016},
	volume = {CCSN 2015},
	number = {1},
	pages = {5-8},
	month = {March},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA}
}

Abstract

Industrial waste released directly into the environment, have the presence of heavy metals. This is one of the major potential health hazards. Therefore attempted in this paper is the development of simple procedure for one of the most perilous heavy metal, lead using Screen printed electrodes(SPE). These electrodes designed and developed using, silver as Reference Electrode and carbon as Working electrode as well as Counter electrode. When these electrodes comes in contact with the solution containing lead, a small amount of voltage is developed which is sensed by measuring or potentiostat circuit and displayed using high precision measuring unit. The response of the electrodes for varying concentrations of lead, zinc and copper were studied. The result confirms the sensitivity of the developed electrode is more for lead, (in the order of 0. 1ng/ml) than the other two heavy metals. Various designs of electrodes were also used to test the lead to choose the best suited design for the proposed system. The output of this system is validated using the results obtained through inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. The electrochemical cell functioning of the SPE was confirmed by performing, open circuit voltammetry and Cyclic Voltammetry analyses.

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Keywords

Screen-printed electrodes(SPE), silver, carbon, potentiostat, electrochemical.