CFP last date
01 July 2024
Call for Paper
August Edition
CAE solicits high quality original research papers for the upcoming August edition of the journal. The last date of research paper submission is 01 July 2024

Submit your paper
Know more
Reseach Article

The Performance based Evaluation of Models and Routing Protocols for Indian Automotive Networks

by Linesh Raja, V.S. Dhaka, R.C. Poonia
Communications on Applied Electronics
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 3 - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: Linesh Raja, V.S. Dhaka, R.C. Poonia

Linesh Raja, V.S. Dhaka, R.C. Poonia . The Performance based Evaluation of Models and Routing Protocols for Indian Automotive Networks. Communications on Applied Electronics. 3, 1 ( October 2015), 6-11. DOI=10.5120/cae2015651598

@article{ 10.5120/cae2015651598,
author = { Linesh Raja, V.S. Dhaka, R.C. Poonia },
title = { The Performance based Evaluation of Models and Routing Protocols for Indian Automotive Networks },
journal = { Communications on Applied Electronics },
issue_date = { October 2015 },
volume = { 3 },
number = { 1 },
month = { October },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 2394-4714 },
pages = { 6-11 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/cae2015651598 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2023-09-04T19:43:46.661268+05:30
%A Linesh Raja
%A V.S. Dhaka
%A R.C. Poonia
%T The Performance based Evaluation of Models and Routing Protocols for Indian Automotive Networks
%J Communications on Applied Electronics
%@ 2394-4714
%V 3
%N 1
%P 6-11
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

In this paper we evaluate the performance of mobility models, radio propagation models and routing protocols for intelligent transport system in Indian Automotive Networks. The evaluation helps us in selecting the appropriate models and protocols for the urban and rural scenario. This paper also helps us to identify the suitable propagation model, WAVE IEEE standards, wireless channels and the type of flow required for the Indian Automotive Networks.

  1. Muhammad Alam, et al., “Integrated Mobility Model (IMM) for VANETs Simulation and its Impact”, International Conference on Emerging Technologies, 2009.
  2. V. S. Dhaka, et al., “The Realistic Mobility Evaluation of Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network for Indian Automotive Networks”, Published at International Journal of Ad hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing (IJASUC), Vol. 5, No.2, April 2014, ISSN: 0976-1764 [Online]; 0976-2205 [Print].
  3. Aslinda Hassan, et al., “Performance Evaluation for Multicast Transmissions in VANET”.
  4. Trupti G.Nimje & S. S. Dorle, “A Survey on Various Mobility Models to improve Realistic Simulation and Accuracy of IVC Protocols”, IEEE International Conference on Emerging Trends in Computing, Communication and Nanotechnology (ICECCN 2013), 2013.
  5. James C. Williams, “Macroscopic Flow Models”.
  6. M. Fiore and J. Harri, “The Networking Shape of Vehicular Mobility”, Proc. of the 9th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing, 2008, pp. (s): 261-272, ISBN: 978-1-60558-073-9, doi: 10.1145/1374618.1374654.
  7. J. Harri et al., “Mobility models for vehicular ad hoc networks: A survey and taxonomy”, In Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE, Dec 2009, Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. (s): 19–41, ISSN: 1553-877X, doi: 10.1109/SURV.2009 .090403.
  8. R. Baumann et al., “Generic mobility simulation framework (gmsf)”, Proc. of the 1st ACM SIGMOBILE Workshop on Mobility Models, May 2008, pp. (s): 49-56, ISBN: 978-1-60558-111-8, doi: 10.1145/1374688. 1374698.
  9. H. Hartenstein and K. Laberteaux, “VANET: vehicular applications and inter-networking technologies”, Wiley Online Library, 2010.
  10. M. Treiber et al., “Congested traffic states in empirical observations and microscopic simulations”, Physical Review E, 2000, Vol. 62, no. 2, pp.: 1805.
  11. S. Krauss et al., “Metastable states in a microscopic model of traffic flow”, Physical Review E, 1997, Vol. 55, no. 5, pp.: 5597.
  12. S. Krauss, “Microscopic Modeling of Traffic Flow: Investigation of Collision Free Vehicle Dynamics”, PhD thesis, Universitat zu Koln, 1998.
  13. I. Khan and A. Qayyum, “Performance Evaluation of AODV and OLSR in Highly Fading Vehicular Ad hoc Network Environments”, In 13th IEEE International Multitopic Conference, Dec. 2009, pp. (s): 1 – 5, ISBN: 978-1-4244-4872-2, doi: 10.1109/INMIC.2009.5383121.
  14. M. M. Torrent et al., “Effects of a Realistic Channel Model On Packet Forwarding in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks”, Proc. of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), April, 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada, Vol. 1, pp. (s): 385–391, ISSN: 1525-3511, ISBN: 1-4244-0269-7, doi: 10.1109/WCNC.2006. 1683495.
  15. P. K. Singh, K. Lego, “Comparative Study of Radio Propagation and Mobility Models in Vehicular Ad-hoc Network”, In International Journal of Computer Application, Feb. 2011, Vol. 16, no. 8, pp. (s): 37–42, ISSN: 0975 - 8887.
  16. M. Siraj & S. Kanrar, “Performance of Modeling wireless networks in Realistic environment” In International Journal of Computer Networks (IJCN), 2010, Vol. 2, no. 1, pp. (s): 62-79, ISSN: 1985-4129.
  17. M. Khosroshahy et al., “Snapshot of MAC, PHY and Propagation Models for IEEE 802.11”, In Open-Source Network Simulators”, Project Report, INRIA, Sep. 2007.
  18. I. K. Eltahir, “The impact of different radio propagation models for Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANET) in urban area environment”, In IEEE 2nd International Conference on Wireless Broadband and Ultra Wideband Communications (AusWireless), Sydney, NSW, Aug. 2007, pp.: 30, ISBN: 978-0-7695-2846-5, doi: 10.1109/AUSWIRELESS.2007.80.
  19. F. J. Martinez et al., “Realistic Radio Propagation Models (RPMs) for VANET Simulations”, In IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), April 2009, pp. (s): 1–6, ISSN: 1525-3511, ISBN: 978-1-4244-2947-9, doi: 10.1109/WCNC.2009 .4917932.
  20. S. Sagar, et al., “Analysis and Modeling Experiment Performance Parameters of Routing Protocols in MANETs and VANETs”, in IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications, Liverpool, June 2012, pp. (s): 1867 – 1871, ISBN: 978-1-4673-2172-3, doi: 10.1109/ TrustCom.2012.89.
  21. C. Perkins, et al. “Ad Hoc On - Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing”, RFC 3561, Network Working Group, 2003.
  22. D. Johnson et al., “The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for IPv4”, In Network Working Group, RFC 4728, Feb. 2007.
  23. I. Chakeres and C. Perkins, “Dynamic MANET On-demand (DYMO) Routing”, IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-dymo-12.txt, 2008.
  24. C. E. Perkins and P. Bhagwat, “Highly dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance- Vector routing (DSDV) for Mobile Computers”, Proc. of the ACM Conference on Communications architectures, protocols and applications, NY, USA, Oct. 1994, Vol. 24, no. 4, pp. (s): 234–244, ISBN: 0-89791-682-4, doi: 10.1145/ 190314.190336.
  25. T. Clausen et al., “Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR)”, In Network Working Group, RFC 3626, Oct. 2003.
  26. M. Azouqa et al., “Investigation of Vehicle-To-Vehicle Communication In A Road Intersection”, At Department of Electronic Engineering Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine, ISBN: 978-9957-469-01-6.
  27. A. Shastri, et al., “Performance Analysis of On-demand Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks”, In International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Networks (IJWMN), Aug. 2011, Vol. 3, no. 4, pp. (s): 103–111, ISSN: 0975-4679.
  28. R. Singh, et al., “Performance Evaluation of DSR and DSDV Routing Protocols for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”, In International Journal of Advanced Networking and Applications, 2011, Vol. 02, no. 4, pp. (s): 732–737, ISSN: 0975-0282.
  29. A. Kumar and A. K. Singla, “Performance evaluation of MANET Routing Protocols on the basis of TCP Traffic Pattern”, In International Journal of Information Technology Convergence and Services (IJITCS), Oct. 2011, Vol. 1, no. 5, pp. (s): 41–48, ISSN: 2231-1939.
  30. G. He, “Destination-Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV) Protocol”, At Networking Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 2002.
  31. S. P. Hoogendoorn and PHL Bovy, “State-of-the-art of Vehicular Traffic Flow Modelling”, In Journal of Systems and Control Engineering – Special Issue on Road Traffic Modeling and Control, June 2001, Vol. 215, no. 4, pp. (s): 283–303, doi: 10.1177/09596518012 1500402.
  32. K. Nagel, “Still Flowing: Approaches to Traffic Flow and Traffic Jam Modeling”, In Operations Research, 2003, Vol. 51, no. 5, pp. (s): 681–710, doi: 10.1287/opre.51.5.681.16755.
  33. I. Prigogine and R. Herman, “Kinetic Theory of Vehicular Traffic”, In Workshop Arizona State University, Elsevier, NewYork, 2003.
  34. C. Gawron, “An Iterative Algorithm to Determine the Dynamic User Equilibrium in a Traffic Simulation Model”, In International Journal of Modern Physics C, 1998, Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. (s): 393–407, ISSN: 0129-1831, doi: 10.1142/S0129183198000303.
  35. N. Cetin et al., “A large-scale Multi-agent Traffic Micro-simulation based on Queue Model”, In Swiss Transport Research Conference (STRC), 2003.
  36. S. B. Monika and A. Dhiman, "Comparative Study of AODV, DSDV and DSR Routing Protocols in Vehicular Network Using EstiNet Simulator," International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Vol. 3, 2012.
  37. S. M. Feiz and A. Movaghar, "Comparison of DSR, AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Fully and Partially Connected VANET," Proceedings of 2011 World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Applied Computing, Las Vegas, Nevada, July 18 – 21, 2011.
  38. S. S. Dorle, et al., "Evaluation of Multipath, Unipath and Hybrid Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks," in Emerging Trends in Engineering and Technology (ICETET), 4th International Conference, 2011, pp. (s): 311-316.
  39. M. U. Nagaraj and M. P. Dhamal, "Performance Comparison of AODV, AOMDV, OLSR, DSR and GSR Routing Protocols in VANET," UACEE International Journal of Advances in Computer Networks and its Security, Vol. 2, 2012.
  40. Y. M. Sharma and S. Mukherjee, "Comparative Performance Exploration of AODV, DSDV & DSR routing protocols in Cluster Based VANET Environment,” International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology (IJAET), Vol. 4, 2012.
  41. G. Z. Santoso and M. Kang, "Performance analysis of AODV, DSDV and OLSR in a VANETs safety application scenario," in Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2012 14th International Conference, 2012, pp. (s): 57-60.
  42. A. N. Mahajan, et al., “Analysis and Comparison of VANET Routing Protocols using IEEE 802.11p and WAVE”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), Vol. 3, Issue 4, Jul-Aug 2013, pp. (s): 1556-1561, ISSN: 2248-9622.owman, M., Debray, S. K., and Peterson, L. L. 1993. Reasoning about naming systems.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences