|Communications on Applied Electronics|
|Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA|
|Volume 6 - Number 5|
|Year of Publication: 2016|
|Authors: Yassine Sabri, Najib El Kamoun|
Yassine Sabri, Najib El Kamoun . GRPW-MuS-s: A Secure Enhanced Trust Aware Routing against Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks. Communications on Applied Electronics. 6, 5 ( Dec 2016), 1-7. DOI=10.5120/cae2016652472
GRPW-MuS (Geographic Routing to Multiple Sinks in connected wireless sensor networks based on Multiple Sinks) is one of the basic routing protocols used for Supporting Mobile Sinks inWireless Sensor Networks . GRPW-MuS, a geographical routing protocol for wireless sensor networks , is based on an architecture partitioned by logical levels, on the other hand based on a multipoint relaying flooding technique to reduce the number of topology broadcast. GRPW-MuS uses periodic HELLO packets to neighbor detection. As introduced in Reference [9, 17], the wormhole attack can form a serious threat in wireless sensor networks, especially against many wireless sensor networks routing protocols and location-based wireless security systems. Here, a trust model to handle this attack in GRPW-MuS is provided called GRPW-MuS-s . Using OMNET++ simulation and the MiXiM framework, results show that GRPW-MuS-s protocol only has very small false positives for wormhole detection during the neighbor discovery process (less than GRPW-MuS). The average energy usage at each node for GRPW-MuS-s protocol during the neighbor discovery and route discovery is very low than GRPW-MuS, which is much lower than the available energy at each node. The cost analysis shows that GRPW-MuS-s protocol only needs small memory usage at each node , which is suitable for the sensor network.