Call for Paper

CAE solicits original research papers for the April 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is March 31, 2023.

Read More

Scaling Effectiveness in Existing Research-based Scheduling Practices in LTE-based Network

Srinivasa R. K., Hemantha Kumar A. R.. Published in Networks.

Communications on Applied Electronics
Year of Publication: 2018
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors: Srinivasa R. K., Hemantha Kumar A. R.

Srinivasa R K. and Hemantha Kumar A R.. Scaling Effectiveness in Existing Research-based Scheduling Practices in LTE-based Network. Communications on Applied Electronics 7(16):41-50, May 2018. BibTeX

	author = {Srinivasa R. K. and Hemantha Kumar A. R.},
	title = {Scaling Effectiveness in Existing Research-based Scheduling Practices in LTE-based Network},
	journal = {Communications on Applied Electronics},
	issue_date = {May 2018},
	volume = {7},
	number = {16},
	month = {May},
	year = {2018},
	issn = {2394-4714},
	pages = {41-50},
	numpages = {10},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/cae2018652769},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


With the increasing demands of the communication performance over mobile networks, Long-Term Evolution has been observed to offer a significant contributory role by facilitating higher data transmission rates to its dynamic users. One of the core operations in the LTE-based network is scheduling which directly governs the part of communication in the presence of significant, small, medium traffic. Although there are beneficial advantages of LTE towards its catering up network demands, it too encounters some potential and unreported problems in the presence of large truck with the uncertainty of its associated load. Hence, the role of scheduling becomes most essential in this regards. This paper reviews some of the signatory work carried out in recent time and explored their contribution by measure the score of advantages as well as limitation associated with it. The paper also contributes by providing the crisp points that have been identified as the open research issues in the shape of research gap towards scheduling techniques in LTE.


  1. B. Furht, Syed A. Ahson, Long Term Evolution: 3GPP LTE Radio and Cellular Technology, 2016
  2. H. Zhang, Sami Khairy, Lin X. Cai, Zhu Han, Resource Allocation in Unlicensed Long Term Evolution HetNets, Springer, 2017
  3. S. Sesia, Matthew Baker, Issam Toufik, LTE - The UMTS Long Term Evolution: From Theory to Practice, John Wiley & Sons, 2011
  4. A. Paradisi, Michel Daoud Yacoub, Fabrício Lira Figueiredo, Tania Tronco, Long Term Evolution: 4G and Beyond, Springer, 2015
  5. K. Pahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, Principles of Wireless Access and Localization, John Wiley & Sons, 2013
  6. A. Yahya, LTE-A Cellular Networks: Multi-hop Relay for Coverage, Capacity and Performance Enhancement, Springer, 2016
  7. Q-D Ho, Daniel Tweed, Tho Le-Ngoc, Long Term Evolution in Unlicensed Bands, Springer, 2016
  8. Panagopoulos, Athanasios D, Handbook of Research on Next Generation Mobile Communication Systems, IGI Global, 2015
  9. M. Rupp, Stefan Schwarz, Martin Taranetz, The Vienna LTE-Advanced Simulators: Up and Downlink, Link and System Level Simulation, Springer, 2016
  10. M. Danilo Abrignani, L. Giupponi, A. Lodi and R. Verdone, "Scheduling M2M traffic over LTE uplink of a dense small cells network," 2015 International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS), Brussels, 2015, pp. 760-764.
  11. R. R. Su and I. S. Hwang, "Efficient resource allocation scheme with grey relational analysis for the uplink scheduling of 3GPP LTE networks," 2016 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT), Taipei, 2016, pp. 599-603
  12. J. Park and Jaemin Ahn, "Improving frequency multiplexing of random access resources for TDD system enhancement," 2016 Eighth International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN), Vienna, 2016, pp. 661-666.
  13. M. Ayhan, L. Zappaterra and H. A. Choi, "Geometric average-based fast-converging proportional fair scheduling for LTE downlink transmissions," 2016 1st International Workshop on Link- and System Level Simulations (IWSLS), Vienna, 2016, pp. 1-6.
  14. V. C. Gungor and O. G. Uyan, "QoS-aware downlink scheduling algorithm for LTE networks: A case study on edge users," 2017 25th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), Antalya, 2017, pp. 1-4.
  15. H. Shan, Y. Zhang, W. Zhuang, A. Huang, and Z. Zhang, "User Behavior-Aware Scheduling Based on Time–Frequency Resource Conversion," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 8429-8444, Sept. 2017.
  16. H. A. M. Ramli, M. K. Hasan, A. F. Ismail, A. H. Abdalla and K. Abdullah, "An investigation of packet scheduling algorithms for Long Term Evolution-Advanced," 2012 IEEE Conference on Open Systems, Kuala Lumpur, 2012, pp. 1-5.
  17. H. W. Tseng, W. C. Lee, C. R. Sheu, Y. H. Lee and Y. G. Jan, "Applying genetic algorithms to the data traffic scheduling and performance analysis of a long-term evolution system," 2012 International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communications Systems, New Taipei, 2012, pp. 183-188.
  18. O. Ergul, O. Yilmaz, A. T. Koc and O. B. Akan, "DRX and QoS-aware energy-efficient uplink scheduling for long term evolution," 2013 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Atlanta, GA, 2013, pp. 4644-4649
  19. A. D. Maleki and B. Abolhassani, "New scheduling scheme for green communications in long term evolution networks," in IET Communications, vol. 8, no. 14, pp. 2438-2444, Sept. 25, 2014.
  20. J. G. Neto, F. A. C. M. Cardoso, P. A. V. Ferreira and M. H. M. Costa, "Customizable algorithm for data scheduling in long term evolution networks," 2015 Information Theory and Applications Workshop (ITA), San Diego, CA, 2015, pp. 123-129.
  21. S.-B. Lee, S. Choudhury, A. Khoshnevis, S. Xu, and S. Lu, “Downlink MIMO with frequency-domain packet scheduling for 3GPP LTE,” in Proceedings of the 28th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, pp. 2611–2615, 2009
  22. N. Wei, A. Pokhariyal, T. B. Sørensen, T. E. Kolding, and P. E.Mogensen, “Performance of MIMO with frequency domain packet scheduling in UTRAN LTE downlink,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC ’07), pp. 1177–1181, April 2007.
  23. G. Aiyetoro, F. Takawira and T. Walingo, "Near-optimal packet scheduling scheme in satellite LTE networks," in IET Communications, vol. 11, no. 15, pp. 2311-2319, 10 19 2017.
  24. Y. Chen and G. Liu, "Playout buffer and DRX aware scheduling scheme for video streaming over LTE system," in IET Communications, vol. 10, no. 15, pp. 1971-1978, 10 13 2016.
  25. J. Fan, D. Lee, G. Y. Li and L. Li, "Multiuser Scheduling and Pairing With Interference Mitigation for LTE Uplink Cellular Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 481-492, Feb. 2015.
  26. N. Ferdosian, M. Othman, B. M. Ali and K. Yeah Lun, "Multi-Targeted Downlink Scheduling for Overload-States in LTE Networks: Proportional Fractional Knapsack Algorithm With Gaussian Weights," in IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 3016-3027, 2017.
  27. F. Ghavimi, Y. W. Lu and H. H. Chen, "Uplink Scheduling and Power Allocation for M2M Communications in SC-FDMA-Based LTE-A Networks With QoS Guarantees," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 6160-6170, July 2017.
  28. O. Grøndalen, A. Zanella, K. Mahmood, M. Carpin, J. Rasool and O. N. Østerbø, "Scheduling Policies in Time and Frequency Domains for LTE Downlink Channel: A Performance Comparison," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 3345-3360, April 2017.
  29. W. Guo, J. Fan, G. Y. Li, Q. Yin and X. Zhu, "Adaptive SU/MU-MIMO scheduling schemes for LTE-A downlink transmission," in IET Communications, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 783-792, 4 20 2017.
  30. H. Ko, J. Lee and S. Pack, "Joint Optimization of Channel Selection and Frame Scheduling for Coexistence of LTE and WLAN," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
  31. G. Y. Li, J. Niu, D. Lee, J. Fan and Y. Fu, "Multi-Cell Coordinated Scheduling and MIMO in LTE," in IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 761-775, Second Quarter 2014.
  32. S. Y. Lien, J. Lee and Y. C. Liang, "Random Access or Scheduling: Optimum LTE Licensed-Assisted Access to Unlicensed Spectrum," in IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 590-593, March 2016.
  33. Q. Liu and C. W. Chen, "Smart Downlink Scheduling for Multimedia Streaming Over LTE Networks With Hard Handoff," in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 1815-1829, Nov. 2015.
  34. Z. Luo, M. Ding and H. Luo, "CC On/Off Scheduling Using Learning-Based Prediction for LTE in the Unlicensed Spectrum," in IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2158-2161, Dec. 2015.
  35. M. A. Mehaseb, Y. Gadallah, A. Elhamy and H. Elhennawy, "Classification of LTE Uplink Scheduling Techniques: An M2M Perspective," in IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1310-1335, Secondquarter 2016.
  36. M. Minelli, M. Ma, M. Coupechoux and P. Godlewski, "Scheduling Impact on the Performance of Relay-Enhanced LTE-A Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 2496-2508, April 2016.
  37. A. E. Mostafa and Y. Gadallah, "A Statistical Priority-Based Scheduling Metric for M2M Communications in LTE Networks," in IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 8106-8117, 2017.
  38. M. S. Pan, T. M. Lin, C. Y. Chiu and C. Y. Wang, "Downlink Traffic Scheduling for LTE-A Small Cell Networks With Dual Connectivity Enhancement," in IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 796-799, April 2016.
  39. A. Ragaleux, S. Baey and M. Karaca, "Standard-Compliant LTE-A Uplink Scheduling Scheme With Quality of Service," in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 7207-7222, Aug. 2017.
  40. Y. C. Wang and T. Y. Tsai, "A Pricing-Aware Resource Scheduling Framework for LTE Networks," in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1445-1458, June 2017.
  41. A. Zolfaghari and H. Taheri, "Queue-Aware Channel-Adapted Scheduling and Congestion Control for Best-Effort Services in LTE Networks," in Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 170-182, Spring 2015.
  42. A. Zolfaghari and H. Taheri, "Joint Best Price-CQI Product Scheduling and Congestion Control for LTE," in Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 255-267, Fall 2016.
  43. R. Molina-Masegosa and J. Gozalvez, "System Level Evaluation of LTE-V2V Mode 4 Communications and Its Distributed Scheduling," 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), Sydney, NSW, 2017, pp. 1-5.
  44. B. J. Chang, P. Y. Chang and Y. H. Liang, "Adaptive packet scheduling and radio RB allocation for LTE-A toward 5G relaying communications," 2017 8th IEEE Annual Information Technology, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference (IEMCON), Vancouver, BC, 2017, pp. 358-364.
  45. Y. Kim and S. Park, "Analytical Calculation of Spectrum Requirements for LTE-A Using the Probability Distribution on the Scheduled Resource Blocks," in IEEE Communications Letters, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
  46. A. Chakrapani, "Efficient resource scheduling for eMTC/NB-IoT communications in LTE Rel. 13," 2017 IEEE Conference on Standards for Communications and Networking (CSCN), Helsinki, 2017, pp. 66-71.
  47. F. Feng, F. Peng, B. Yan, S. Lin and J. Zhang, "QoS-based LTE downlink scheduling algorithm for smart grid communication," 2017 IEEE 9th International Conference on Communication Software and Networks (ICCSN), Guangzhou, 2017, pp. 548-552.
  48. Y. Alaa, H. M. ElAttar, F. Digham, L. H. Afify and H. Elbadawy, "LTE dynamic scheduling scheme for massive M2M and H2H communication," 2017 IEEE 8th Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference (UEMCON), New York City, NY, 2017, pp. 478-482.
  49. C. P. Lau, A. Alabbasi and B. Shihada, "An Efficient Live TV Scheduling System for 4G LTE Broadcast," in IEEE Systems Journal, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 2737-2748, Dec. 2017.
  50. C. Cano, D. J. Leith, A. Garcia-Saavedra and P. Serrano, "Fair Coexistence of Scheduled and Random Access Wireless Networks: Unlicensed LTE/WiFi," in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 3267-3281, Dec. 2017.
  51. A. S. Eladham, N. ElShennawy and A. Sarhan, "Modified capacity enhanced PF (MCE-PF) downlink scheduling algorithm for heterogeneous LTE-Advanced Networks," 2017 13th International Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO), Cairo, Egypt, 2017, pp. 1-7.
  52. R. O. Xitlaly, G. R. J. María and V. C. Norman, "Analysis of the throughput performance for a LTE-A network in Managua using the strategies of the Packet Scheduling and frequency bands 1, 2 and 3 FDD," 2017 IEEE 37th Central America and Panama Convention (CONCAPAN XXXVII), Managua, Nicaragua, 2017, pp. 1-6.


Long-Term Evolution (LTE); 4G; Scheduling; Uplink Transmission; Downlink Transmission