CFP last date
01 July 2024
Call for Paper
August Edition
CAE solicits high quality original research papers for the upcoming August edition of the journal. The last date of research paper submission is 01 July 2024

Submit your paper
Know more
Reseach Article

An Extended Review on Internet of Things (IoT) and its Promising Applications

by Yusuf Perwej, Mahmoud Ahmed AbouGhaly, Bedine Kerim, Hani Ali Mahmoud Harb
Communications on Applied Electronics
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 7 - Number 26
Year of Publication: 2019
Authors: Yusuf Perwej, Mahmoud Ahmed AbouGhaly, Bedine Kerim, Hani Ali Mahmoud Harb

Yusuf Perwej, Mahmoud Ahmed AbouGhaly, Bedine Kerim, Hani Ali Mahmoud Harb . An Extended Review on Internet of Things (IoT) and its Promising Applications. Communications on Applied Electronics. 7, 26 ( Feb 2019), 8-22. DOI=10.5120/cae2019652812

@article{ 10.5120/cae2019652812,
author = { Yusuf Perwej, Mahmoud Ahmed AbouGhaly, Bedine Kerim, Hani Ali Mahmoud Harb },
title = { An Extended Review on Internet of Things (IoT) and its Promising Applications },
journal = { Communications on Applied Electronics },
issue_date = { Feb 2019 },
volume = { 7 },
number = { 26 },
month = { Feb },
year = { 2019 },
issn = { 2394-4714 },
pages = { 8-22 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/cae2019652812 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2023-09-04T20:02:27.999796+05:30
%A Yusuf Perwej
%A Mahmoud Ahmed AbouGhaly
%A Bedine Kerim
%A Hani Ali Mahmoud Harb
%T An Extended Review on Internet of Things (IoT) and its Promising Applications
%J Communications on Applied Electronics
%@ 2394-4714
%V 7
%N 26
%P 8-22
%D 2019
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

At present IoT is immensely a descriptive term of a vision that everything should be connected to the internet. IoT applications have been widely used in several fields of social living such as healthcare and social products, industrial automation and energy. In this scenario, there are more than 14 billion interconnected digital and electronic devices in operation worldwide, the equivalent of almost two devices for every human being on earth. The IoT connects different non-living objects through the internet and enables them to share information with their community network to automate processes for human beings and makes their lives convenient. Subsequently, objects are being amalgamated with internet connectivity and powerful data analysis capabilities that promise to change the way we work and live. The Internet is a worldwide system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users globally. The most vital characteristics of IoT include connectivity, active engagement, connectivity, sensors, artificial intelligence, and small device use. This paper provides an overview of existing Internet of Things (IoT), technical details, and applications in this new emerging area as well as we are thoroughly analyzing the layer about the IoT. However, this manuscript will give a better understanding for the new researchers, who want to do research in this field of Internet of Things.

  1. Yusuf Perwej, “An Experiential Study of the Big Data,” International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System (ITECES), USA, ISSN (Print): 2373-1273 ISSN (Online): 2373-1281, Vol. 4, No. 1, page 14-25, March 2017DOI:10.12691/iteces-4-1-3.
  2. Xia Feng et al., "Internet of things", International Journal of Communication Systems, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1101, 2012.
  3. Kevin Ashton, "That 'Internet of Things' Thing", RFID Journal, 22 June 2009.
  4. Zhu Qian et al., "Iot gateway: Bridgingwireless sensor networks into internet of things", Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC) 2010 IEEE/IFIP 8th International Conference on. IEEE, 2010.
  5. IEEE Standards Association (IEEE‐SA). Internet of Things (IoT) Ecosystem Study, IEEE Standards Association, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 2015.
  6. Gartner, "Gartner Says the Internet of Things Installed Base Will Grow to 26 Billion Units By 2020," Gartner, 12 December 2013.
  7. NIST Big Data Public Working Group. NIST Big Data Interoperability Framework: Volume 7, Standards Roadmap, NIST Big Data Public Working Group, NIST Special Publication 1500‐7, September 2015.
  8. Nikhat Akhtar, Firoj Parwej, Yusuf Perwej, “A Perusal Of Big Data Classification And Hadoop Technology,” International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System (ITECES), USA, ISSN (Print): 2373-1273 ISSN (Online): 2373-1281, Vol. 4, No. 1, page 26-38, May 2017DOI: 10.12691/iteces-4-1-4.
  9. Jeremy Crump, “Time for debate about the societal impact of the Internet of Things,” The Policy and Internet Blog, University of Oxford, April 22, 2013. Retrieved: May 12, 2015.
  10. Hakima, Chaochi. (ed.) The Internet of Things: Connecting Objects to the Web, 2010, p.252.
  11. Holdowsky, J., Mahto, M., Raynor, M., Cotteleer, M., Inside the Internet of Things (IoT), Deloitte University Press, New York, 2015.
  12. Sheng, Z., Yang, S., Yu, Y., Vasilakos, A., Mccann, J., & Leung, K.,” A survey on the ietf protocol suite for the internet of things: Standards, challenges, and opportunities”. IEEE Wireless Communications, 20(6), 91-98, 2013
  13. M. Weyrich and C. Ebert, “Reference architectures for the internet of things,” IEEE Software, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 112–116, 2016.
  14. M. Wu, T.-J. Lu, F.-Y. Ling, J. Sun, and H.-Y. Du, “Research on the architecture of internet of things,” in Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering (ICACTE), 2010 3rd International Conference on, vol. 5. IEEE, 2010, pp. V5–484.
  15. S. K. Datta, C. Bonnet, N. Nikaein, "An loT gateway centric architecture to provide novel M2M services", 2014 IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), pp. 514-519, March 2014.
  16. C. Zuo, J. Shao, J.K. Liu, G. Wei, Y. Ling, "Constance: An intel-ligent data lake system", IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 186-196, 2018.
  17. Christos S., Kostas E. P., Andreas P., Giorgos K., Yutaka I. ,” Architecture for security monitoring in IoT environments”, IEEE, ISSN: 2163-5145, Edinburgh, UK, June 2017DOI: 10.1109/ISIE.2017.8001447
  18. L. Tan and N. Wang, “Future internet: The internet of things,” in Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering (ICACTE), 2010 3rd International Conference on, vol. 5. IEEE, 2010, pp. V5–376.
  19. R. Khan, S. U. Khan, R. Zaheer, and S. Khan, “Future internet: the internet of things architecture, possible applications and key challenges,” in Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT), 2012 10th International Conference on. IEEE, 2012, pp. 257–260.
  20. H. Ning and Z. Wang, “Future internet of things architecture: like mankind neural systemor social organization framework?” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 461–463, 2011
  21. Yusuf Perwej , Kashiful H., Uruj J., Sharad S., “Some drastic improvements found in the analysis of routing protocol for the Bluetooth technology using scatternet” International Conference on Computing, Communications and Information Technology Applications (CCITA-2010) , Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal (UBICC) Seoul, South Korea, ISSN Online 1992-8424, ISSN Print 1994-4608, Volume CCITA-2010, Number 5, pages 86-95, 2010
  22. Yusuf Perwej, “The Next Generation of Wireless Communication Using Li-Fi (Light Fidelity) Technology,” Journal of Computer Networks (JCN), USA, ISSN (Print): 2372-4749 ISSN (Online): 2372-4757, which is published by Science and Education Publishing Vol. 4, No. 1, page 20-29, June 2017DOI:10.12691/jcn-4-1-3
  23. Rodrigo Román-Castro ; Javier López ; Stefanos Gritzalis,” Evolution and Trends in IoT Security”, IEEE Computer Society, Computer ,Volume: 51 , Issue: 7 , July 2018 DOI: 10.1109/MC.2018.3011051
  24. Pedro Maló ; Márcio Mateus ; Bruno Almeida ; Tiago Teixeira,” Measuring Data Transfer in Heterogeneous IoT Environments”, EEE International Conference on Green Computing and Communications and IEEE Internet of Things and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing, Electronic ISBN: 978-0-7695-5046-6 , Beijing, China, Aug. 2013 DOI: 10.1109/GreenCom-iThings-CPSCom.2013.102
  25. Yusuf Perwej, Md. Husamuddin, MajzoobK.Omer, Bedine Kerim, “A Comprehend TheApache Flink In Big Data Environments” IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE), e-ISSN: 2278-0661,p-ISSN: 2278-8727, USA, Volume 20, Issue 1, Ver. IV, PP 48-58, Feb. 2018. DOI : 10.9790/0661-2001044858
  26. Firoj Parwej, Nikhat Akhtar, Yusuf Perwej, “A Close-Up View About Spark in Big Data Jurisdiction” International Journal of Engineering Research and Application (IJERA), ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 1, ( Part -I1), pp.26-41 January 2018.DOI : 10.9790/9622-0801022641
  27. Vinton G. Cerf,” A Revised View of the IoT Ecosystem”, IEEE Computer Society, IEEE Internet Computing ,Volume: 21 ,Issue: 5 , 2017, DOI: 10.1109/MIC.2017.3481356
  28. A. H. Ngu, M. Gutierrez, V. Metsis, S. Nepal, Q. Z. Sheng, "IoT middleware: A survey on issues and enabling technologies", IEEE Internet Things J., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-20, Feb. 2017.
  29. Matthias Thoma ; Sonja Meyer ; Klaus Sperner ; Stefan Meissner ; Torsten Braun ,” On IoT-services: Survey,
  30. Classification and Enterprise Integration ”, IEEE International Conference on Green Computing and Communications, INSPEC Accession Number: 13372142, Besancon, France , Nov. 2012
  31. Bruno Dorsemaine ; Jean-Philippe Gaulier ; Jean-Philippe Wary ; Nizar Kheir ; Pascal Urien ,” Internet of Things: A Definition & Taxonomy”, 9th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Applications, Services and Technologies, IEEE, Print ISBN: 978-1-4799-8660-6 , Cambridge, UK, Sept. 2015, DOI: 10.1109/NGMAST.2015.71
  32. M. Swan, “Sensor mania! The internet of things, wearable computing, objective metrics, and the quantified self 2.0,” Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 217–253, 2012
  33. A. Whitmore, A. Agarwal, and L. Da Xu, “The internet of Things a survey of topics and trends,” Information Systems Frontiers, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 261–274, 2015
  34. S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Sengupta, S. Maiti, and S. Dutta, “Role of middleware for internet of things: a study ,” International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 94–105, 2011.
  35. Rodolfo X. Gordillo , Carlos G. Romero , Sandy E. Abasolo , Michelle A. Carrera,” Testbed for evaluating reference models of Internet of Things (IoT) ”, IEEE Colombian Conference on Communications and Computing (COLCOM), INSPEC Accession Number: 14468979, Bogota, Colombia, June 2014
  36. James P. G. Sterbenz, David Hutchison, Egemen K. Çetinkaya, Abdul Jabbar, Justin P. Rohrer, Marcus Schöller, and Paul Smith.,” Redundancy, Diversity,and Connectivity to Achieve Multilevel Network Resilience, Survivability, and Disruption Tolerance (invited paper).” Telecommunication Systems, 56, 1, 17–31, 2014
  37. Mauro A. A. da Cruz , Joel José P. C. Rodrigues , Jalal Al-Muhtadi , Valery V., Victor Hu,” A Reference Model for Internet of Things Middleware ”, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, Volume: 5 , Issue: 2 , Page(s): 871 – 883, April 2018
  38. S. Yi, Z. Qin, Q. Li, "Security and Privacy Issues of Fog Computing: A Survey", Proc. Int'l Conf. Wireless Algorithms Systems and Applications, pp. 685-695, 2015.
  39. Boyi Xu, Li Da Xu, Hongming Cai, Cheng Xie, Jingyuan Hu, Fenglin Bu, "Ubiquitous Data Accessing Method in IoT-Based Information System for Emergency Medical Services", IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1578-1586, May 2014.
  40. Shen Bin, Liu Y., Wang X., "Research on Data Mining Models for the Internet of Things", IEEE, pp. 3-17, 2010.
  41. Feng Chen, Changrui Ren , Jin Dong , Qinhua Wang , Jinfeng Li , Bing Shao ,” IEEE International Conference on Web Services”, INSPEC Accession Number: 12219345 , Washington, DC, USA, July 2011
  42. Simon Jiang,” Fifteenth International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICTer)”, IEEE, INSPEC Accession Number: 15700870 , Colombo, Sri Lanka, Aug. 2015
  43. Razzak, F. (2012) Spamming the Internet of Things: A Possibility and its probable Solution. Procedia Computer Science, 10, 658-665.
  44. E. Welbourne, I. Battle, G. Cole, K. Gould, K. Rector, S. Raymer et al., "building the internet of things using rfid the rfid ecosystem experience", ieee internet comput., vol. 13, pp. 48-55, 2009.
  45. Shao, W. and Li, L. (2009) Analysis of the Development Route of IoT in China. Perking: China Science and Technol-ogy Information, 24, 330-331.
  46. R. Want, "Enabling Ubiquitous Sensing with RFID", Computer, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 84-86, 2004.
  47. Leong et al., The Sun EPC network architecture a technical white paper, 2004.
  48. A. C. W. Wong, M. Dawkins, G. Devita, N. Kasparidis, A. Katsiamis, O. King, F. Lauria, J. Schiff, A. J. Burdett, "A 1 V 5 mA multimode IEEE 802.15.6/Bluetooth low-energy WBAN transceiver for biotelemetry applications", IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 186-198, 2013
  49. Felix von Reischach ; Stephan Karpischek ; Florian Michahelles ; Robert Adelmann ,” Internet of Things (IOT)”, Tokyo, Japan, Dec. 2010, DOI: 10.1109/IOT.2010.5678457
  50. F. Lassabe, P. Canalda, P. Chatonnay, F. Spies, "Indoor Wi-Fi positioning: techniques and systems" in Annals of Telecommunications, Paris:Springer, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 651-664, 2009.
  51. D. Martin-Sacristan, J. F. Monserrat, J. Cabrejas-Peñuelas, D. Calabuig, S. Garrigas, N. Cardona, "On the Way Towards Fourth-generation Mobile: 3GPP LTE and LTE-advanced", EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communicationsand Networking, pp. 4:1-4:10, Mar. 2009.
  52. Mark Coates, Mike Rabbat, "Sensor Networks Part 2: ZigBee and IEEE 802.15.4".
  53. S. Ortiz, "Is Near-Field Communication Close to Success?", Computer, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 18-20, March 2006.
  54. Manijeh, Amene, "A Wireless Sensor Network solution for precision agriculture based on Zigbee Technology", Scientific Research Wireless Sensor Network, vol. 4, pp. 25-30, 2012.
  55. Arampatzis, T., et al. (2005) A Survey of Security Issues in Wireless Sensors Networks, in Intelligent Control. Pro-ceeding of the IEEE International Symposium on, Mediterrean Conference on Control and Automation, 719-724.
  56. Richard Boire,”Artificial intelligence(AI), automation, and its impact on data science”, IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data), Boston, MA, USA, Dec. 2017
  57. Yusuf Perwej , Firoj Parwej, “A Neuroplasticity (Brain Plasticity) Approach to Use in Artificial Neural Network”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (IJSER), France , Vol.3, Issue 6, June 2012, Pages 1- 9, ISSN 2229 – 5518.
  58. DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1693.2808
  59. Daniel Camps-Mur, Andres Garcia-Saavedra, Pablo Serrano, "Device-To-Device Communications with Wi-Fi Direct: Overview and Experimentation", IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 20, no. 2, June 2013.
  60. A. Zanella, N. Bui, A. Castellani, L. Vangelista, M. Zorzi, "Internet of Things for Smart Cities", IEEE Internet Things J., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 22-32, 2014
  61. S. Li, L. Da Xu, S. Zhao, "The internet of things: a survey", Inf. Syst. Front., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 243-259, 2015.
  62. J. Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic, M. Palaniswami, "Internet of Things (IoT): A vision architectural elements and future directions", Future Generation Computer Systems, 2013.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Internet of Things (IoT) Data Lake IoT Ecosystem IoT Layer Edge Computing Things.